What are MDGs?

MDG stands for Millennium Development Goals and is a set of eight international goals for development with the aim of achieving them by 2015. These have been agreed upon by all the United Nations member states and other international organisations.

The reason for coming up with these goals was to improve conditions in some of the worlds poorest countries. The goals cover a number of social and economic issues. They were established at the Millennium summit in 2000 and came from the Millennium Declaration produced by the United Nations:

“every individual has the right to dignity, freedom and quality; as basic standard of living that includes freedom from hunger and violence and encourages tolerance and solidarity”.

The Millennium Development Goals are targets that were set up to try to achieve the statements of the Millennium Declaration. They focus on three main areas of humanity; bolstering human capital, improving infrastructure, and increasing social, economic and political rights.

The eight MDGs and an explanation of each are below:

MDG 1 – to eradicated extreme poverty and hunger

The target is to halve the proportion of people living on less than $1 a day. This includes achieving decent employment opportunities for all, including women and young people. Halving the proportion of people worldwide who suffer with hunger is another aim of this goal.

MDG 2 – to ensure that all children complete a full course of primary schooling

Increasing the numbers that enrol in primary education is obviously key to improving the education of children, but it is also about what happens after. As well as improving the numbers who enrol, increasing the numbers who continue through their primary education is also important. It is hoped that this will go a long way to improving literacy among 15-24 year olds in the long run.

MDG 3 – to promote gender equality and empower women

For any balanced society it is important that the two genders are equal and have equal opportunities. In many of the poorer parts of the world women are significantly disadvantaged. The aim of the fourth development goal is to eradicate this discrepancy. This includes educational opportunities, both in primary education and beyond. It also means more women being employed in non-agricultural sectors and more women in parliament.

MDG 4 – to reduce child mortality

A specific target here is a two thirds reduction in the mortality rate among children under the age of five. This includes reducing infant mortality rates and increasing the proportion of 1 year old children immunised against measles.

MDG 5 – to improve maternal health

In some parts of the world the poor quality of maternal health is a serious issue. MDG 5 aims for a three quarter reduction in the ratio of maternal mortalities. It is hoped that there will be an increase in births that are attended by skilled health professionals and this should reduce maternal health dangers. Another part of this goal is the increase in the availability of contraception as well as general improvements in family planning. Births amongst adolescent parents should therefore fall. Improved antenatal care in another target.

MDG 6 – to combat HIV, AIDS, Malaria and other diseases

This goal is split into two areas; HIV and AIDS, and Malaria and other diseases.

With HIV and AIDS the first objective is to halt the current increase that is being seen in the numbers contracting HIV and AIDS. Once this has been achieved reducing the numbers contracting it is the next step. 15-24 year olds are specifically being targeted as a key group. If they don’t contract HIV or AIDS then they can’t pass it onto their children. Mothers passing the decease onto their children is one of the highest causes. Contraception is one of the most important, if not the most important, ways of preventing HIV and AIDS. Increasing condom use is therefore a key part of this goal. Improving knowledge, including knowledge of the risks, is also seen as important, especially among 15-24 year olds.

Malaria is another one of the main killers in terms of decease in developing countries. To help reduce related deaths the use of bednets is important. It is hoped that the number of children under 5 with fever who are treated with anti-Malaria drugs in increased. Another key disease is tuberculosis.

MDG 7 – to ensure environmental sustainability

To help environmental sustainability it is important to integrate the principles of sustainable development into national policies and programmes and to reverse the loss of environmental resources. Millennium Development Goals 7 aims to reduce biodiversity loss. This includes reversing the trend for deforestation, reducing CO2 admissions, setting safe biological limits for fishing, reducing water resource being used unnecessarily, and further protection of endangered species. It is hoped the proportion of the population who don’t have access to drinking water is halved and the population using improved sanitation facilities is increased. Another aim is to significantly improve the lives of at least 100 million slum dwellers.

MDG 8 – to develop a global partnership for development

The final goal is to develop an open, non-discriminatory trading and financial system. This includes addressing the special needs of the least developed countries, landlocked developing countries and small island development states. Dealing with debt problems of developing countries is also important.

Andrew Marshall (c)

Mazel Tov! William & Kate

The historic royal wedding is finally coming. It is really an exciting event that deserves celebration. The British government is giving everyone the day off. I know many people will use this day ostensibly to celebrate the ceremonies but also someone will probably ignore the wedding and spend time with their families. Not everyone is as excited as I am for this event. For me, I am eagerly anticipating this century wedding and no doubt will watch the live show on television with other billion people from all round the world. Why? Below are the reasons.

First, the royal wedding between William and Kate really prove that there is still true love in this real world. It is not easy for two persons tying the knot. And royal wedding turns to be more difficult. How cherish of their love in which we may see braveness and honest.

Second, the splendid ceremony, the wedding dress, the guests the fashions, flowers, kisses, smiling friends, supportive families, tears of joy, these beautiful images bring not only amazing visual effect, but also happiness from our heart. And it is an event of historical significance, reminding us our entire place in history. World history has always been measured to some extent, at least in the West, and especially in the English-speaking world, by the reigns of British monarchs.

Third, we really need some good news. The news has been so bad lately. Earthquake, tsunami, nuclear disaster in Japan, extreme and destructive weather across the country and the world. Continued war and violence in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, and now Libya. The list just goes on and on. The wedding just brings us fresh and happy atmosphere.

Fourth, the fairy tale wedding of Prince William’s parents, Prince Charles and then Lady Diana Spencer, exactly thirty years ago, also at Westminster Abbey in London, the birth of their two sons, the unraveling of their marriage, and the tragedy of Princess Diana’s death in a traffic accident. We all felt sorry to face the end of this beautiful fairy tale. But today, William and Kate are going to continue.

For sure, the royal family of England no longer has that kind of power, especially not over us, their former colonists. But, we remain captivated, and I think the deeper reason is because we still associate them with certain Old World values that have all but disappeared from modern life, lasting values we might not even realize a part of us still pines for. These values start with a sense of duty to something larger than oneself. They remain mindful that their every action is a direct reflection on their country’s honor and their family’s reputation. That is why it seems so shocking when they misbehave. Because they are engaged with, connected to and participating in the greater good, rather than just being wrapped up in their own self-interest, their lives have a greater sense of urgency than that of the average couch potato.

So Mazel Tov William and Kate on their big day! May they reign in a world at peace with itself and have a very happy life together forever.

Warren Buffett Selects Farmer Son as Successor

Warren Buffett has selected his 56-year-old son Howard, to succeed him as chairman of Berkshire Hathaway, CBS News reported today.

The billionaire investor revealed his decision on CBS news program ’60 Minutes,’ scheduled to air this Sunday. Howard was picked as successor because he has a good understanding of values and would preserve the culture and traditions of the company. Berkshire’s board must approve the move.

Buffett told interviewer Leslie Stahl that he wants Howard or ‘Howie,’ as he is known in the family, to oversee the company’s values and take over as non-executive chairman following his death, an unpaid position that wouldn’t require Howard to make day-to-day decisions at Berkshire.

However, Berkshire’s board must approve the move.

Howie, who currently manages a 400-acre corn and soybean farm in Nebraska, told the news program he was surprised on being picked as his father’s successor but is open to the plan if he can continue farming.

“It is certainly my hope that Howie succeeds me as Chairman, but the CEO job he has never had any interest in having,” Buffett said.

He added, “When people think of my successor, they are thinking of who will be CEO. No [family] member has ever wanted to be or has been considered for that.”

Reasons cited for selection:- Despite having no college education, Howard was picked as successor because he has a good understanding of values and would preserve the culture and traditions of the company.

Buffett told Stahl, “You worry that somebody will be in charge of Berkshire that uses it as their own sandbox in some way. That changes the way that decisions are made in reference to the shareholders.

“The odds of that happening are very, very, very low, but having Howie there adds just one extra layer of protection.”

Howard open to plan:- Howie, who currently manages a 400-acre corn and soybean farm in Nebraska, told the news program he was surprised on being picked as his father’s successor but is open to the plan if he can continue farming. Howard told Leslie Stahl in the CBS interview, “As long as I can keep farming, (LAUGH) I’m okay.”

Meanwhile, Howard is quite content to let his healthy 81-year-old father run the company and doesn’t expect to take over the reins of Berkshire anytime soon. Howie told the news program he was surprised on being picked as his father’s successor but is open to the plan if he can continue farming. Buffet said that when people think of my successor, they are thinking of who will be CEO. No [family] member has ever wanted to be or has been considered for that.

“He won’t leave until he’s buried in the ground. I hate to put it that way,” said Howard.

Houston Historic Skyscraper Razed

17 seconds! That’s exactly the time it took for Houston’s historic skyscraper to be reduced to a pile of dust and rubble.

High explosives set off at 11:15 am Sunday demolished the 20-story former Prudential Building in the Texas Medical Center, once considered a masterwork of modern architecture.

The implosion that had been planned at 7:52 a.m. was delayed for a few hours due to a dense fog.

Hundreds of spectators showed up early Sunday morning to watch the collapse of the massive structure. The foundation of the limestone tower was cracking and the building was plagued with asbestos and mold problems.

Warren Rawson, a high school English teacher, said, “I’m sad to see such a classic-looking building go. Houston seems to have a history of ignoring its history.”

“In its glory days, it was an impressive building, but it was time for it to come down.” — Sarah Watson, a spokeswoman for M.D. Anderson

60-year-old building:- The building, known as the Houston Main Building, was opened by Prudential Insurance Co. in 1952 as its southwest regional office.

The 500,000-square-foot high-rise office, designed by Kenneth Franzheim, was at one time Houston’s tallest building outside of downtown.

The M.D. Anderson Cancer Center acquired the property in 1974 for $18.5 million.

In its heyday, the building had lush landscaped grounds, tennis courts and a swimming pool.

“The building was a model for Prudential offices around the country and featured exceptional finishes including Loredo Chiaro marble from Italy, guanacaste wood from Central America and okoume wood from Africa,” according to the release by the Greater Houston Preservation Alliance.

Costly renovation:- Extensive studies conducted by real estate and architecture firms found restoring the building would cost much more than just tearing it down.

The foundation of the limestone tower was cracking and the building was plagued with asbestos and mold problems.

The last employees moved out in March 2010 and the building was officially closed on April 1, 2010.

When cleared, the space will be used for development of a new park and advanced clinical building.

“In its glory days, it was an impressive building, but it was time for it to come down,” said Sarah Watson, a spokeswoman for M.D. Anderson.

The Worlds Greatest Self Help Book

Christianity is not just a religion; it is a way of life. A full-fledged Christian does not only live by the book, but is living it by heart. For Christians in high school, proper Christian Education is necessary for us to be molded into better people. Christian Education will help us to strive to be Christ-like in every way possible. This way, we can truly say we are Christ’s disciples. But the knowledge and wisdom we get does not exempt us from trials and problems; it does not immunize us from temptation.

Overcoming Problems and Trials

As human beings, it is normal to encounter problems and trials. These are necessary to test our faith and build strength. Sometimes, trials seem to be so hard and we tend to question God’s presence. It is written in Bible history that God allows and uses problems and trials to test his people. James said,

“Consider it all joy, my brethren, when you encounter various trials, knowing that the testing of your faith produces endurance. And let endurance have its perfect result, that you may be perfect and complete, lacking in nothing.” “Blessed is the man who perseveres under trial; for once he has been approved, he will receive the crown of life, which the Lord has promised to those who love Him.” – James 1:2-4, 12

What to Do When No One Understands

As we encounter trials, we tend to seek comfort and guidance. As people, we want to talk to a physical being, someone who would listen to us. We often seek the presence of family and friends who we believe would truly understand us. But there are times when we feel that no one seems to understand and truly listen to us; times when we forget to call on to the Lord.

We cannot see God, but he is with us in many ways. We cannot audibly hear His words, but he speaks to us through the Bible. In times of trials, it is best to seek guidance and strength from the Bible and through prayer. The Bible is the handbook of life; God’s words are in this holy book. As Christians, it is important to remember and educate ourselves that the Bible in not just a book where the history of our Christian faith is written, but it is also a means of communication with God. Through the Bible, God also reassures us of His grace, His promises to help in times of need, and who we are in His eyes.

Answers to 5 Specific Problems in the Bible

God speaks to us through the Bible. Whatever trial it is that you are facing, the bible will guide you through it.

During moments of depression, the Bible says, “The LORD himself goes before you and will be with you; he will never leave you nor forsake you. Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged” (Deuteronomy 31:8).

When lost and in need of guidance, the Bible says, “Trust in the LORD with all your heart and lean not on your own understanding; in all your ways submit to him, and he will make your paths” (Proverbs 3:5-6).

In times of restlessness, the Bible says, “Do not be anxious about anything, but in every situation, by prayer and petition, with thanksgiving, present your requests to God. And the peace of”(Philippians 4:6-7).

When temptation fills you, the Bible says, “Search me, God, and know my heart; test me and know my anxious thoughts. See if there is any offensive way in me, and lead me in the way” (Psalm 139:23-24).

In trying times, seek guidance from the Bible, and remember, “I can do all things through Christ who strengthens me” (Philippians 4:13).

Christian education in private schools is a life-long process; not something we learn in a short span of time. It is a continuing journey to be the best we ought to be. The Bible is the world’s greatest guide to help through the journey.)

Factors of Hindi News in Our Culture

Media in our society is the fourth estate. It has an immense power to bring a positive change in our society against any odds and bad issues. They always fight for the right judgments towards the people of our society. In Hindi media industry, the Hindi news channels and newspapers are growing at a fastest rate. Regional news like Uttar Pradesh news and Lucknow news are also available in Hindi to create a great impact on your society and the people. Hindi is our national language with a major impact to our Indians. It achieves a remarkable position in the hearts of many people.

The local languages lose their uniformity in the process of increasing western trends. Young generations are mainly the target of western culture. Therefore, it is very important and it is our duty to make them about the Hindi culture of India. Both in rural and urban areas people love to see or read Hindi news on Hindi news channels and Hindi newspapers respectively. It is also an effective medium for the people and to the media persons of our society to communicate thoroughly and intensely with the incidents and issues that are taking place every day around us.

The hot and happenings of Lucknow news are available in Hindi. You can check online with the help of various websites about the latest news and updates. They are very much essential for the people those are really interest and have real nose for news. Uttar Pradesh news is very important during the time of election. During this time, Hindi media industry plays a major role to bring the exact news in front the people. So people are blessed with such an industry that is totally dedicated to the common people and society.

Lucknow news and Uttar Pradesh news on Hindi is gaining more and more popularity for the people of our society. Local Hindi news channels and newspapers as well as national Hindi daily and channels also acquire a strong position in the hearts of the people. With such positive approach, the Hindi media industry is doing a great job to strengthen the position of Hindi language both in India and to the people who stays outside India. This industry mainly focuses on our national language and culture to increase its importance among the people. So, that they become aware about the trends of their own language.

Psychiatry – a Common Sense Guide, Part One – What is Psychiatry?

Psychiatry is a nineteenth century school of the mind, which believed that:

*Man is an animal.

*All Man’s thought, emotion, inspiration, hopes and dreams result from chemical and electrical activity in the brain.

*Man has no soul.

*The causes of Man’s woes cannot be rectified but they can be suppressed and their symptoms anesthetized by a direct attack on the body, brain and nervous system, through electric shocks and other methods of altering structure, removing or disabling sections of the brain or chemical poisons known as drugs.

When the lack of results achieved by such brutal interventions became a liabilty, psychiatry later added genetics, which asserted that nothing could be done about the mind because human difficulties were inherited: that is, pre-programmed into the person’s genes.

Psychiatry was able to establish itself as an authority on the mind because in the nineteenth century very little was known about the mind. The physical sciences were ascendant and psychiatry was able to make itself sound scientific.

Close examination of psychiatry reveals that its claims to science are bogus. I invite you to verify this for yourself by examining its methodology against the criteria for a true science. However, dressed up in pseudo-scientific trappings, and funded through the decades by governments and corporate/banking interests who have failed to make any such examination, psychiatry clung to its status as an authority on the mind until recent times. This was despite the fact that it was never able to produce workable methods with desirable results, a betterment of Man’s conditions or the resolution of his problems.

Through generous funding by governments and their money masters, the banking elite, and through a huge outpouring of literature and friendly media, psychiatry became woven into the fabric of society. It insinuated itself in various guises and with false claims of expertise into many areas, such as criminal reform, education, the justice system and mental health.

As it did so insanity, violence and crime increased. After nearly two centuries of psychiatric intervention, Man is more troubled and uncertain about himself than he has ever been and violence, crime, insanity and drug addiction are at epidemic levels. The world has become, in other words, catastrophically worse.

If psychiatry had truly provided answers, the opposite would have happened.

Yet despite all this, despite the swathe of carnage it has engineered, it continues to survive thanks to the continued willingness of governments to waste tax payers’ money on it.

In The Public Interest – Kieron McFadden’s Mental Health Desk. For more information about the harm done by psychiatry, contact the Citizens Commission on Human Rights (CCHR). To find CCHR and more free information In The Public Interest, visit the HowDo Information Hub The next article in this series: What is a Psychiatrist?